Ancestors of Joseph Gale and Rula Dalley Houston

Twenty-First Generation

(Continued)


1050058. Sir Adam MURE of Rowallan married Janet MURE. [Parents]

1050059. Janet MURE. [Parents]

[Child]


1050060. Sir Malcolm DRUMMOND.

[Child]


1050062. Sir William MONTFICHET of Auchterarder and Cargill.

[Child]


1050064. Sir Thomas DE HAYA of Locherworth died before 15 Oct 1335. He married Lora DE CUNINGESBURGH. [Parents]

1050065. Lora DE CUNINGESBURGH.


Heiress

[Child]


1052736. James STEWART was born 1243 in Scotland. He died 1309. James married Cecilia DUNBAR. [Parents]

Name Suffix: Steward of Scotland
Ancestral File Number: H129-9K

1052737. Cecilia DUNBAR. [Parents]

[Child]


1052738. Robert BRUCE was born 11 Jul 1274 in Writtle, Near Chelmsford, Essex, England. He died 7 Jun 1329 in Cardoss Castle, Firth of Clyde, Scotland and was buried in Abbey Church, Dunfermline, Fifeshire, Scotland. Robert married Isabella (Matilda) de MAR about 1295. [Parents]

Name Suffix: I King of Scotland
Ancestral File Number: B2L0-GQ
Bruce, Robert (1274-1329), liberator, and, as Robert I, king of Scotland (1306-29). He was originally named Robert de Bruce, and to distinguish him from his father and grandfather, who had the same name, he is often referred to as Robert deBruce VIII. He is also called Robert the Bruce. As Earl of Carrick he paid homage to King Edward I of England, who, in 1296, defeated King John de Baliol andthereafter refused to acknowledge another King of Scotland.

Bruce later abandoned Edward's cause and joined other Scottish leaders in taking up arms for the independence of his country. In 1299, the year after the Scottish patriot Sir William Wallace was defeated by Edward at Falkirk, Bruce, then still in favorwith Edward, was made one of the four regents who ruled the kingdom in the name of Baliol. However, it should be pointed out that the Bruce family had no connection with the capture of Wallace. In 1305 he was one of those consulted in the decision to make Scotland a province of England.

In 1306 he met an old enemy, the Scottish patriot John Comyn, who was the nephew of Baliol; a quarrel occurred, and Bruce stabbed Comyn in a church in Dumfries. He was immediately excommunicated by the Pope. Bruce's action brought the wrath of King Edward I of England who attempted to capture him. The English were perfectly happy to have Scotland as a colony under a somewhat divisionary rule; the menace of a new King of Scotland could not be tolerated. Bruce proclaimed his right to the throne,and on March 27, 1306, he was crowned king at Scone.

Bruce was deposed, however, in 1307 by Edward's army and forced to flee to the highlands and then to the little island of Rathlin on the coast of Antrim (now in Northern Ireland). In his absence all his estates were confiscated, and he and his followers were excommunicated. He continued to recruit followers, however, and in less than two years he wrested nearly all of Scotland from the English. Bruce again defeated the English in 1314 in the Battle of Bannockburn, twice invaded England, and in 1323 concluded with King Edward II of England a truce for 13 years. After the accession of King Edward III in 1327, war again broke out, and the Scots won again.

It was not until 1328 that Scottish independence was once more recognised by the English, at this time with Edward III as their king.  In 1328 they secured the Treaty of Northampton which recognized the independence of Scotlandand the right of Bruce to the throne. This recognition was duly sealed by way of marriage, as was the custom in these days, with Joanna, sister of Edward marrying Robert's son, David.

One clause in the Treaty was never honoured though. The Stone of Destiny was not returned to Scone. It is from Robert the Bruce's children that a latter great house was born. He was married twice, his first wife being Isabella and his second being Elizabeth. Isabella provided him with one daughter, Marjorie. Marjorie was to become the founder of the Stewart lineage. Elizabeth provided him with four children; Matilda, David, Margaret and John.

Bruce was succeeded by his son, David II. Bruce's nephew, Robert II, who succeeded David, was the first King of the Stuart house of English and Scottishroyalty. In his later years Bruce lived in seclusion at Cardross Castle, on the northern shore of the Firth of Clyde, where he died.

It is said that upon his death, Robert the Bruce's heart was taken to the Holy Land by Sir James Douglas. Although this loyal knight died fighting the Moors in Spain the heart wasreturned to Scotland and buried in Melrose.

-- Adapted from Camelot Village, Britain's Heritage and History Link

1052739. Isabella (Matilda) de MAR was born about 1278 in Mar, Scotland. She died about 1320. [Parents]

Name Suffix: Countess of Mar
Ancestral File Number: 83TP-QQ

[Child]


1052752. Edward PLANTAGENET was born 25 Apr 1284 in Caernarvon Castle, Carvon, Caernarvonshire, Wales. He died 21 Sep 1327 in Berkeley Castle, Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England and was buried 20 Dec 1327 in Cathedral, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England. Edward married Isabelle Princess of FRANCE on 28 Jan 1308 in , Boulogne, Pas-de-Calais, France. [Parents]

Name Suffix: II King of England
Ancestral File Number: 8WKN-JD
Edward II, 1284-1327 (r.1307-27), was a weak king, dissipated and self-indulgent. His reign was noted for internal dissension and the loss of Scotland. His insistence on having his favorite, Piers Gaveston, at court caused rebellion among the barons, who eventually had Gaveston killed. Edward's later favorites, Hugh le Despenser and his son, virtually ruled England (1322-26). They made a truce with Robert I and recognized him as king of Scotland. Edward's wife, Queen Isabella, refused to return from France while the Despensers ruled. She entered intoan adulterous alliance with Roger de Mortimer and invaded England. The Despensers were executed and Edward forced to abdicate. He was imprisoned and almost certainly murdered by henchmen of Isabella and Mortimer. (From www.encyclopedia.com)

Preceded by a forthright and powerful monarch, it was not surprising that his successor should be so weak. Edward II had few of the redeeming featuresof his father and much more resembled his grandfather. His idea of a good timewas living as a rustic on his own play farm while the government of the kingdom was left to less than honest favourites.

As a result his reign was punctuated by sporadic explosions amongst his discontented baronage and the rise of a new movement called the Ordainers, who in many respects were the descendants ofthe reformers of 1258. The Ordainers were decisively defeated in 1322, but Edward failed to capitalize on his success. Instead he was overthrown by his queenand her paramour and put to a grisly 'end' in the dungeons of Berkeley Castle.

1052753. Isabelle Princess of FRANCE was born 1292 in Paris, France. She died 21 Nov 1358 in Hertford Castle, Hertfordshire, England and was buried 27 Nov 1358 in Grey Friars, Church, London, England. [Parents]

Ancestral File Number: 8XJD-8V

[Child]


1052754. Willem III de AVESNES was born about 1286 in Avesnes, Pas-de-Calais, France. He died 7 Jun 1337 in Valenciennes, Nord, France. Willem married Jeanne de VALOIS on 19 May 1305 in , Longpont, Aisen, France.

Ancestral File Number: 8XQ6-1G

1052755. Jeanne de VALOIS was born about 1294/1295 in Longpont, Aisne, France. She died 7 Mar 1342 in Fontenelle, Yonne, France.

Ancestral File Number: 8XQ6-2M

[Child]


1052764. Edward "Longshanks" PLANTAGENET was born 17 Jun 1239 in Westminster, Middlesex, England and was christened 21 Jun 1239 in Westminster, Middlesex, England. He died 7 Jul 1307 in Burgh on Sands, Cumberland, England and was buried 28 Oct 1307 in Westminster Abbey, Westminister, Middlesex, England. Edward married Marguerite of France UNKNOWN on 10 Sep 1299 in Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England. [Parents]

Name Suffix: I King of England
Ancestral File Number: 8WKN-4B
Edward I, 1239-1307 (r.1272-1307), was the son and successor of HENRY III. He gained new claims to France through his marriage (1254) to Eleanor of Castile and was responsible for his father's victory in the Barons' War. As king, his conquest of Wales (1277-82) was followed by a long, futile campaign against Scotland (1290-1307). Edward's legal reforms, notably the statutes of Westminster, earnedhim the title English Justinian. He restricted private and church courts and controlled land grants to the church. His Model Parliament (1295) marked greaterparticipation by the barons, merchants, and clergy whose resistance to war taxation had forced him to confirm previous charters (e.g., Magna Carta). (From www.encyclopedia.com)

This king had a nickname for practically every side of his personality. Edward was tall and nicknamed Longshanks for his long limbs. Hewas religious, but this king was also devious and called the Leopard. He was astrong fighter who launched invasions into both Scotland and Wales. Edward I was called the Hammer of the Scots, and also built several Welsh fortresses. Some historians call Edward the "father of the longbow", believing -- possibly mistakenly -- that he introduced this supposedly Welsh weapon to the English army.

Edward was a far different character from his father and soon put the country on a footing he preferred. In 1276-77 he brought Llywelyn ap Gruffydd to heel as well as putting the finances of the country back in order after the disasters of the previous reign. In 1282 he was surprised by a Welsh revolt and by the April of 1283 he had subjugated the whole of Wales, killing Llywelyn and capturing his brother Dafydd. Even this proved insufficient to totally overawe Wales and Edward faced further revolts in 1287 and 1295, though neither were as serious as the wars of 1277 and 1282.
With the conquest of Wales Edward began a massive castle building project that is still rightly seen as one of the wondersof the thirteenth century. Towards the end of his reign Edward became increasingly embroiled in bringing Scotland under his direct rule in a similar manner to that which he had achieved in Wales and this proved by and large to be his undoing.

The Welsh campaigns had made heavy drains on the Exchequer and Edwardturned more and more to imposing unjust taxes on his peoples and antagonizing his baronage. The conquest of Scotland failed largely because of Edward's success in Wales, he had spent his money and this is why no military masterpieces like Caernarfon or Harlech are to be found in Scotland, where Edward had to content himself more with wooden peels like the one he built at Linlithgow. An increasingly beleaguered Edward, abandoned in some of his campaigns by some of his previously most loyal barons, died crossing the border into Scotland again in 1307.

1052765. Marguerite of France UNKNOWN was born 1279 in Paris. She died 14 Feb 1317 in Marlborough Castle and was buried in Grey Friars, Church, London, England. [Parents]

[Child]


1052766. John UNKNOWN married Joan FITZBARNARD.

Name Suffix: Lord Wake

1052767. Joan FITZBARNARD.

[Child]


1835008. Hywel ap GWILYM was born about 1371. He married Gwenllian verch HYWEL. [Parents]

1835009. Gwenllian verch HYWEL. [Parents]

[Child]


1835010. Roger VAUGHN was born about 1341. He married Ann DEVEREUX. [Parents]

1835011. Ann DEVEREUX was born about 1345. [Parents]

[Child]


1835012. Thomas HUNTLEY married Alice WALLIS. [Parents]

1835013. Alice WALLIS. [Parents]

[Child]


1835016. Jenkin KEMEYS was born about 1338 in Begansley, Monmouthshire, Wales. He died after 1374. Jenkin married Crisli verch MORGAN. [Parents]

1835017. Crisli verch MORGAN was born about 1340 in Tredegyr, Monmouthshire, Wales.

[Child]


1835018. Ieuan ap LLEISION married Efa verch LLEWELYN. [Parents]

1835019. Efa verch LLEWELYN. [Parents]

[Child]


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